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                《Brokeback Mountain》 断背山 每个人心中都有一座山

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                2020年02月15日

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                No.013 《Brokeback Mountain》 断背山 每个人心中都有一座山

                英文导读

                Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee. It is a film adaptation of the 1997 short story of the same name by Annie Proulx with the screenplay written by Diana Ossana and Larry McMurtry. The film stars Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal, Anne Hathaway and Michelle Williams and depicts the complex romantic and sexual relationship between two men in the American West from 1963 to 1983.

                Early one morning in Signal, Wyoming, Ennis Del Mar (Heath Ledger) and Jack Twist (Jake Gyllenhaa) meet while lining up for employment with local rancher Joe Aguirre. The world which Ennis and Jack have been born into is, at once, changing rapidly and yet scarcely evolving. Both young men seem certain of their set places in the heartland—obtaining steady work, marrying, and raising a family—and yet they hunger for something beyond what they can articulate. When Aguirre dispatches them to work as sheepherders up on the majestic Brokeback Mountain, they gravitate towards camaraderie and then a deeper intimacy. At summer's end, the two must come down from Brokeback and part ways. Remaining in Wyoming, Ennis weds his sweetheart Alma, with whom he will have two daughters as he ekes out a living. Jack, in Texas, catches the eye of rodeo queen Lureen Newsome. Their courtship and marriage result in a son, as well as jobs in her father's business. Four years pass. One day, Alma brings Ennis a postcard from Jack, who is en route to visit Wyoming. Ennis waits expectantly for his friend, and when Jack at last arrives, in just one moment it is clear that the passage of time has only strengthened the men's attachment. In the years that follow, Ennis and Jack struggle to keep their secret bond alive. They meet up several times annually. Even when they are apart, they face the eternal questions of fidelity, commitment, and trust. Ultimately, the one constant in their lives is a force of nature—love.

                Brokeback Mountain received an 87% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, compiled from 223 reviews, with the consensus that "a beautifully epic Western, Brokeback Mountain's gay love story is imbued with heartbreaking universality, helped by the moving performances of Ledger and Gyllenhaal."

                Brokeback Mountain won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival and was honored with Best Picture and Best Director accolades from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, Golden Globe Awards, Producers Guild of America, Critics Choice Awards, and Independent Spirit Awards among many other organizations and festivals.

                Brokeback Mountain was nominated for eight Academy Awards, the most nominations at the 78th Academy Awards, where it won three: Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Original Score. The film was widely considered to be a front runner for the Academy Award for Best Picture, but lost to Crash. Brokeback Mountain ranks 11th among the highest-grossing romance films of all time.

                获奖情况

                2006年第78届奥斯卡:最佳导演、最佳改编剧本、最佳原创配乐奖,并荣获最佳影片提名、最佳男主角提名、最佳女配角提名、最佳男配角∏提名、最佳摄影提名。

                《Brokeback Mountain》 断背山 每个人心中都有一座山

                影片信息

                导演:李安

                编剧:拉里·麦克穆特瑞、黛安娜·奥萨纳、安妮·普露

                主演:希斯·莱杰、杰克·吉伦希尔、米歇尔·威廉姆斯、安妮·海瑟薇

                类型:剧情、爱情、家庭

                制片国家(地区):加拿大、美国

                上映日期:2005-12-16(美国)

                片长:134分钟

                又名:《断臂山》

                剧情简介

                沉默寡言Ψ 的农夫恩尼斯(希斯·莱杰 饰)和热情开朗的牛仔杰克(杰克·吉伦希尔 饰)一道被派到山上牧羊,那里人迹罕至,他们只能与羊群为伴,生活↓单调无味。起初二人一个放羊,一个看营地,少有交流。直到有一天,二人晚饭时喝多了〓酒,深夜又分外寒冷,于是杰克与恩尼斯同帐共裘而眠,在酒精与荷尔蒙的作用下,他们之间发生了“不该发生的事”。就此,他们在断背山上度过了【人生中最美好的时光。

                季节性放牧结束,迫于世俗压力,杰克和恩尼斯不舍地与对方分离,并各自结婚生子。恩尼斯迎娶了自幼相识的阿尔玛,并有了两个可爱的女儿;杰克到了得克萨斯州,在妻子露︽琳家族的扶持下事业顺利,还有了个儿子。虽然彼〖此真心相爱,但他们只能每年定期约会。与此同时,知情的阿尔玛痛苦无比,而他们也无法满足一年只有几天的团聚。

                最终,他们※厮守一生的愿望,因杰克同性恋身份被发现被杀而落空。在杰克去世后,恩尼斯来到了杰克父母的农场,希望把杰克的骨灰带回到二▅人初识的断背山。在杰克生前的房间里,他发现了一个秘密:初识时他们各自穿过的衬衫被整齐地套在了同一个衣挂上。这个秘密让恩尼斯潸然泪下,他意识到杰克①是多么爱他,自己又多么深爱着杰克。但最终见证他们那浓烈的爱的,只有那座壮美苍郁的断背山。

                制作花絮

                杰克·吉伦希尔→在决定出演《断背山》的消息传出之后即被好莱坞业内人士认定为其♀所做出的“最愚蠢的决定”,并预言可能导致其事业的失败。但杰克·吉伦希尔担心的则是对“自我※演技的怀疑”,而事实证明,《断背山》不仅没有对杰克的事业构成威胁,反而让他第一次凭借实力获得了瞩目。

                由于杰克·吉伦希尔的成长背景与角色︾相距甚远,为此他特意在“牛仔训练营”中训练了一个月,最终博得了李安“马骑得很性感”的赞许评¤价。而来自澳大利亚西部的希斯·莱吉虽然在气质上与美国西部人颇为相似,但为了“形、神、音”兼备,特别拜师学了一口粗鄙的牛仔腔。

                在李安“真爱无◤关性别”的观点指引■下,两位主演希斯·莱杰和杰克·吉伦希尔很快丢掉包袱,在拍摄现场倾情投入,而希斯·莱杰尔还几乎弄破了杰克·吉伦希尔的鼻子。不仅如此,女演员米歇尔·威廉姆斯(希斯·莱杰的未婚妻№)觉得这段吻戏棒极了,还在一旁开玩笑说:“来啊,伙计们,为我再亲一次吧!”

                片中貌合神离的希斯·莱杰与米歇尔·威廉姆斯却在合作中擦出了爱情火花,2005年10月28日,已订婚的莱杰和威廉姆斯的爱情结晶——女儿玛蒂尔达出生了,并举行了庆祝仪式。

                拍摄期间李安同绵羊展开了不懈的斗争。他一整天都试图使羊群去饮用溪流中的水,但绵羊除了池塘和水坝中的水以外不会饮用任何活水,最后他只得放弃了这一镜头的拍摄。

                制片人詹姆斯·沙姆斯在海报设计上没有采纳典型的西部风格的方案,而是参考了50部史上最浪漫的电影海报。“仔细观∑ 察我们的海报”他说,“你能看到我们的灵感来自《泰坦█尼克号》。”

                《Brokeback Mountain》 断背山 每个人心中都有一座山

                重点学习

                With whom he will have two daughters as he ekes out a living

                Eke out主要用于美国英语中,如果你eke out something, for example, a victory, you obtain it with difficulty.也就是“通过艰难努力而获得”的意思,所以□文中的eke out a living是“勉强糊口,勉强维持生活”的意思,比如:They had to eke out a living a tiny income.(他们不得不靠微薄的收入勉强度日。)

                They meet up several times annually

                Meet up是英语中一个固定搭配,该搭配常用于口语中,是“偶然相遇;同…碰见”的意思,比如:I will focus on my own career building now, and believe I will meet up with some girl in the right time and right place.(现在我把精力都放在我的事业上,相信以后会在正确的时间正确的∮地点邂逅她。)

                单词时间

                scarcely[?skε?sli] adv. 几乎不,简直不;简直没有

                heartland[?hɑ:tlænd] n. 中心地带;心脏地区

                articulate[ɑ:?tikjul?t] vi. [语]发音;清楚地讲话;用关节连接起来

                sheepherder[??i:p?h?:d?] n. (美)牧羊人;养羊的人

                gravitate[?ɡræviteit] vi. 受引力作用;被吸引

                camaraderie[?kæm??rɑ:d?ri:] n. 友情;同志之爱

                intimacy[?intim?si] n. 性行为;亲密;亲昵行为;隐私

                fidelity[fi?deliti] n. 保真度;忠诚;精确;尽责

                imbue[im?bju:] vt. 灌输;使感染;使渗透

                universality[?ju:niv?:?sæl?ti] n. 普遍性;广泛性;一般性;多方面性

                accolade[?æk?uleid] n. 荣誉;荣誉称号授◣予仪式;连谱号;称赞


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